Will the Far Right Dominate Spanish Politics?

The results of last December’s elections in Andalucía have shocked Spain’s national political landscape with the decline of the Spanish Socialist Party, which has ruled since the return of democracy. Although it remains the first political force with 33 seats, it will not be able to form a coalition government with Pudemus and the Unified Left Leftists.

In contrast, the right-wing People’s Party (PPP) has retreated from right-wing center Theodadanos, which has doubled the number of seats in 2015 (21 seats), and the surprise that shook Andalusia and hit all of Spain, which was registered by the far-right ” To form a government headed by the People’s Party or Ciudadanos from the center of the right.

Head of the Andalusia Government

Juan Manuel Moreno of the conservative People’s Party was elected as the new head of the Andalusian government in the regional parliament of Seville, supported by the extreme right-wing Fuchs party. In addition to the support of 26 MPs from the conservative People’s Party and 21 deputies from the Liberal Party of Theodadanos, Moreno supported 12 deputies Of the right-wing People’s Vox Party, which won seats for the first time in last December’s elections in the Andaman
region.

Vox was created by Santiago Abascal, a fierce spokeswoman who founded the party after she split from the People’s Party in 2013, and the far-right Vox Party  demands an end to gender ideology and the abolition of the law against violence against women.  He seems to have found a foothold in Andalusia, in part because the party strongly defended Spain’s battle to stop independent legislators from Catalonia. The independence movement was criticized as an attempt by Catalonia, a rich region, to abandon poor areas like Andalusia, and other poor areas in Spain rely on Catalonian resources.  Here is a closer look at the Vox party.

The Upcoming Election

According to the opinion poll published in the Spanish newspaper “Mundo”, Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez will not be able to remain in power after the victory of
the Vox Party in Andalusia, even if even if his Spanish Socialist Party issued the results of the poll with 22.6% Four points lower than the 26.3%.

The poll gives the Socialists only 92 to 96 of the 350 seats in the House of Representatives.  Sanchez will not be able to form a majority even with the votes of the leftist Bodeimos party and the Catalan and Basque nationalist parties.

In a similar vein, a number of Spanish NGOs, including SOS, expressed concern over the progress of the far right and anti-foreign parties after Vox’s rise in the elections in Andalusia. The reason for the rise of these extreme right-wing parties is due to political errors and crisis Facing Spain such as the independence of Catalonia.

The organization also expressed concern about the rising presence of a party it described as “fascist and racist.” The organization said it would analyze all
political moves that could be contrary to equal rights.

How Spain’s Government Works

The government in Spain is a constitutional monarchy that is based on the Spanish Constitution.  The government has three separate branches, the legislative, judicial and the Executive.  They have a hereditary monarchy and the current king is King Felipe VI, however the king has little to do with the running of the country that is done by the president or prime minister who heads the executive branch.

The Role of the King

King Felipe VI ascended the throne in 2014 replacing his father Juan Carlos II.  Spain had a monarchy until 1931 when Francisco Franco abolished the monarchy when he took power.  Franco restored the monarchy before his death in 1975 and shortly thereafter the Spanish Constitution was adopted.

The Role of the Prime Minister

The person elected to lead the government of Spain is referred to a El Presidente but they are not technically a President, the term is short for President del Gobierno de Espana, in English that is the President of the Government of Spain.  Their role is closer to that of the Prime Minister in England rather than the President of United States.

The Role of the Legislature

The legislative branch has two houses, the first is the Congress of Deputies and the other is the Senate.  The Congress has 350 members and the Senate has 266 members, they represent the 17 communities of Spain and the number of representatives varies by population.  It is their job to pass laws that run the country much like the house and senate in the American government.

The Autonomous Regions

Spain doesn’t really have a central government rather they have 17 autonomous regions and two autonomous cities they have control regarding what goes on in their own jurisdictions.  This makes the federal government of Spain relatively weak compared to most of its European counterparts.  Each jurisdiction even has its own executive and legislature.  Politically speaking Spain is deeply divided and that was worsened by the last financial crash where Spain had to implement deep cuts and unemployment sky rocketed.  Many of the autonomous regions are now seeking independence.

Catalonia Seeks Independence

Catalonia is one of the larger and more prosperous regions of Spain and 2017 saw the drive for independence leading to a referendum.  The public and leaders of Catalonia all supported the referendum, however the government of Spain did not and declared it illegal.  This led to riots and violence throughout the region.  Catalan did declare its independence, however parliament was dissolved and all of the seats in Catalan came up for re-election.

Spanish politics is complicated and deeply divided with 5 major political parties all vying for power.